Theodora

   1) Empress (q.v.) from 527-548; wife of Justinian I (q.v.). Prokopios (q.v.), in his Anekdota (Secret History) (q.v.) claims that before marrying Justinian in 525 she led the life of a stripper and courtesan. Whether true or not, her iron will saved Justinian during the Nika Revolt (q.v.) and she continued to be his partner in the affairs of state. She seemed to have her own religious policy (favoring Monophysitism [q.v.]), and she was a master of intrigue who engineered the downfall of Justinian's powerful minister, John of Cappadocia (q.v.). She also caused the downfall of two popes, Silverius and Vigilius (qq.v.). Some of the behavior that Prokopios maligns a modern reader might call feminism. Her charitable works were many, including the founding of orphanages, hospitals, and even a home to rehabilitate prostitutes. The dazzling portrait of her in the church of San Vitale in Ravenna (qq.v.) is as unforgettable as that which Prokopios paints of her.
   2) Empress (q.v.) and wife of Theophilos (q.v.); regent for Michael III (q.v.); saint. Her brothers were Petronas and Bardas (qq.v.). She is remembered for her bride show (q.v.), but primarily as the Iconodule (q.v.) wife of the last Iconoclast emperor. She venerated icons (q.v.) in secret in the palace, and after Theophilos's death she aided in the restoration of icons in 843, for which she was made a saint. She insured that Theophilos was not condemned by claiming that he had repented on his deathbed. She was deposed in 856 after the murder of Theoktistos (q.v.).
   3) Co-empress with her sister Zoe (q.v.) in 1042, and empress (q.v.) in her own right from 1055-1056, after the death of Constantine IX Monomachos (q.v.). She was the third daughter of Constantine VIII (q.v.) and became the last surviving member of the Macedonian dynasty (q.v.). Her brief sole rule evoked the hostility of patriarch Michael I Keroularios (qv.), who resented a female exercising imperial authority. One of her generals, a certain Bryennios, raised a revolt and was exiled. Before she died in 1056 she consented to the choice of Michael (VI) Stratiotikos (q.v.) as her successor.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Theodora I. — Theodora auf einem Mosaik in der Kirche San Vitale, Ravenna Theodora (* um 500; † 28. Juni 548 in Konstantinopel) war die Ehefrau des oströmischen Kaisers Justinian I …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodora — Théodora Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Théodora est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Prénom et patronyme 1.1 Origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Theodora II — Theodora (Greek Θεοδώρα, c. 815 after 867) was the wife of the Byzantine emperor Theophilus. FamilyOriginally from Paphlagonia, Theodora was of Armenian aristocratic descent. The names of her parents were preserved in Theophanes Continuatus, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Theodora — ist die weibliche Form des Vornamen Theodor und setzt sich aus den griechischen Wörtern doron für ‚Gabe‘, ‚Geschenk‘ und theos für ‚Gott‘ zusammen und bedeutet daher Geschenk Gottes oder Gottesgabe. Namensträger Flavia Maximiana Theodora, Tochter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodora — can refer to any of the following:* Flavia Maximiana Theodora, daughter of the Roman Emperor Maximian and second wife of the Emperor Constantius I Chlorus. * Theodora (6th century), Empress of the late Roman Empire and wife of Justinian I,… …   Wikipedia

  • Theodora II. — Theodora wird auf der Rückseite dieser Münze zusammen mit ihrem Sohn Michael, dem eigentlichen Kaiser, und ihrer Tochter Thecla als Herrscherin dargestellt. Theodora (Griechisch: Θεοδώρα * um 810 in Elissa, Paphlagonien; † 11. Februar 867 in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodora — (Pánormos,Греция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Panormos, Pánormos, 84800, Греция …   Каталог отелей

  • Theodora — (Уреки,Грузия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Takaishvili Pereulok III, 6000 Уреки, Грузия …   Каталог отелей

  • Theodōra — Theodōra, 1) Gemahl in des oströmischen Kaisers Justinian I., Tochter eines Zirkusbeamten, war früher Tänzerin und Hetäre, dann die Geliebte und endlich die Gemahlin Justinians. Als dieser 527 den Thron bestieg, wurde sie auch gekrönt. Sie übte… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Theodora — [thē΄ə dôr′ə] n. [Gr Theodōra: see THEODORE] a feminine name: dim. Dora …   English World dictionary

  • Theodōra — Theodōra, 1) berüchtigte Hetäre in Athen, zog bes. des Sokrates Zuhörer von ihm ab. 2) Flavia Maximiana, Tochter der Eutropia u. eines Syrers, Stieftochter des Kaisers Maximian; als Constantinus Chlorus zum Cäsar ernannt wurde, mßte er sich von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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